ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ
Guru Angad Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਅੰਗਦ ਦੇਵ) (Thursday March 31, 1504 – Saturday April 16, 1552), Nanak II, was the second of the ten human form Gurus (divine messengers) of the Sikh faith.
Guru Ji was born with birth name Lehna in the year 1504 at Harike, Amritsar, Punjab, to father Bhai Pheru Mall Ji and mother Mata Sabhrai Ji (also known Daya Kaur). Born in a Hindu family, Bhai Lehna Ji used to be a worshipper of the Hindu Goddess, Durga. At age 27, after hearing the recitation of hymns of Guru Nanak from Bhai Jodha (a Sikh of Guru Nanak Dev Ji ), Bhai Lehna Ji decided to travel to Kartarpur to meet the Guru. Having met Guru Nanak Dev Ji only once, Bhai Lehna Ji was transformed to such an extent that he decided to renounce his own faith and became a Sikh of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, devoting himself completely to Guru Nanak Dev Ji and his mission. His discipleship was subjected to various tests by Guru Nanak Dev Ji himself, following which he came to be renowned as an embodiment of obedience and service to the Guru and humanity. Before passing away, Guru Nanak Dev Ji renamed Bhai Lehna as Angad (from Ang, or one’s own body part), and installed him as his successor, the second Nanak, on 13 June, 1539.
As the second Guru of Sikhs, some of the main highlights of Guru Angad Dev Ji’s life include:
Contributed 63 Shabads and Saloks (revealed verses), now registered in the Guru Granth Sahib
Through their own life conduct, Guru Ji demonstrated the principles of Nishkam Sewa (selfless service) to humanity, complete surrender to the Guru and to the will of God, and disapproval of exhibitionism and hypocrisy
Formalized the present form of the Gurmukhi script
Maintained and developed the institution of Langar started by Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Traveled widely and established several new centers for preaching Sikhi
Started the tradition of Mall Akhara to emphasize physical well being, to go along with spiritual development
Before Guru Angad Dev Ji left for his heavenly abode in 1552, they nominated Guru Amar Das Ji as the third Guru of the Sikhs.
Invention of Gurmukhi